Erzincan to ÇildirWritten on June 30th, 2018 by Milly Read
There were an incredible amount of wild flowers in Turkey
Avoiding the D100 out of Erzincan we headed for the mountains and our highest pass on tour so far at 2390m above sea level. This, despite the army guys at the bottom trying to re-route us to the motorway because the mountain road was ‘too steep’ and ‘road not good’. It was a great climb, 1200m straight up, asphalt for most of the way and gravel at the top which made for a beautiful contrast in colours from the lush green pastures, grey road, and red, yellow, and purple rocks around with glistening silver streams and waterfalls breaking through the fields.
View from the top of the pass
The road surface is pretty average from the top of the climb until Bespinar and there wasn’t much water around. The fountain at the Çamur Köyü mosque was dirt brown so we asked around and got shown up a muddy track to a clear spring fountain where we met Tacettin visiting his parents from Erzincan. He asked us in for çay and before we knew it his daughters Figen and Handan had cooked up the most incredible omlette we had ever eaten. Camping amongst the wildflowers that night we felt truely lucky to be alive, to be fit enough to make this trip and so grateful to the people, both back home, and who we have met on the road, who helped make this all happen.
Tacettin and family in Çamur Köyü
Camping on the edge of the wildflowers
In Bayburt we stopped for pide and çay in the park. Bayburt was once an important town on the Silk Road route linking the Black Sea to the Gulf of Basra. It has an impressive castle built high above the current day town which is sprawling out of the river gorge. The region is home to the Baksi Museum, a contemporary arts museum which must be one of the most isolated museums in the world. Built near a small village amongst rolling valleys of wildflowers and bee hives the gallery aims to be a center of cultural interaction bringing together traditional and contemporary arts.
Pide are baked flat, then taken out, and sides rolled into a boat shape and put back in the oven to finish off.
From Ispir the landscape suddenly changes quite dramatically as you enter an incredible rocky gorge, no vegetation whatsoever. Not a natural phenomenon as indicated by the beautifully new smooth roads and ‘Danger, do not swim! Do not fish!’ signs lining the road. This area is part of the controversial Çoruh River dam project aiming to build 13 dams in total, with two built and two under construction displacing some 30,000 people and threatening local habitats which are home to brown bear, wolves, chamois and the persian squirrel to name just a few of the mammal species that are listed on the nationally endangered list. Most controversial is perhaps the Yusufeli Dam which proposed to flood the town of Yusufeli, home to 7,000 people and of cultural significance with old Georgian churches and many traditional homes and customs still practised. It’s also a popular tourist spot with stunning scenery, culture, wildlife and rafting trips offered. Amec and Spie, a British and French contractor, pulled out of the project in 2002 due to growing protests - both local and international - and a campaign led by Friends of the Earth.
It’s difficult to find recent reports on the project, but we heard that a campaign had been successful to save Yusufeli. Its surrounding villages however are unlikley to be so lucky. After heading through three new tunnels out of Yusufeli (dark, stuffy, noisy) we came to a crossroads, with tunnels and trucks in all directions, argh! On our map there were at least 5 proposed new tunnels in the direction of Artvin, which was the route we had originally wanted to take, as Artvin - Ardahan is supposed to be a beautiful road. However, even Google can’t keep up with the rate that Turkey’s new roads are being built, fuelled by President Erdoğan’s thirst for progress. After being in power for 16 years, he has just ‘won’ his snap election so the infrastructure projects will likely continue. Judging from the number of new roads where we’d just come from, we were pretty sure the proposed tunnels had been built. We asked a local ‘Tunneli, how many?’ gesturing 1,2, 3, 4 on our fingers. He held out both hands, opening and closing them three times…10, 20, 30! OK, decision made, not going to Artvin!! We headed towards Göle instead down a lush green valley, soon to be flooded we imagine as high above us some crazy new tunnels were being built - cyclists takenote if you’re planning this route for next year!
Another empty dual carriageway
The dammed river
The fertile green valleys surrounding Yusufeli pre-flood
As we headed further north-east we noticed dwellings becoming more basic, rural communities more prevalent and farming large herds on horseback. ‘Welcome to Kurdistan’ someone shouted near Arpaçay. That explained a lot but also saddened us. This definitely felt like the forgotten part of Turkey, yet the locals could not have been more hospitable.
We took the quiet, gravel track around Lake Çildir. Totally worth it for the swim! After spending the rest of our Turkish Lira stocking up on food in Çildir we headed up the hill towards the Georgian border. At the top there are a number of picnic huts in the forest, completely random, and absolutely ideal for camping. Dry, spacious and comfortable, a perfect last night in Turkey.
Locals on their way to nearby fields on horse and trap
Stopping for water we were invited for çay. It was often the poorest communities that gave us the most. We came to see how much they enjoyed the experience of having a foreigner stay for tea as much as we enjoyed being there, despite the language barrier.
Stunning views and a quiet if bumpy track around Lake Cildir
View down to Satan’s castle on the descent to the Georgian border